So in this article of My Health Only, we are going to tell you about the stomach lump, by knowing stomach lump, you will be able to treat it as soon as possible.
Due to a lump in the stomach, a part of the stomach becomes swollen or bulge, which appears out of the abdominal area. There are many possible reasons that can cause stomach lumps such as hernia, lipoma, hematoma (blood clotting under the skin), tumor formation and some testicular problems. The lump of the stomach may become hard or soft and may also feel pain. Although many times there are no symptoms due to a lump in the stomach.
Apart from this, in some cases there may be other symptoms along with a lump in the stomach, such as abdominal pain, bleeding from the anus, constipation, constant weight loss or nausea and vomiting. To test this condition, the doctor will do your physical examination and get previous information related to your health. Apart from this, the doctor may ask you to get some tests done, including CT scan, MRI scan, blood test and skin biopsy etc.
Treatment of lump in the stomach depends on its cause. Some types of medicines and operation procedures are included in its treatment. During the treatment of abdominal lump, the lump is kept under observation and waiting to be cured.
What is a stomach lump?
Any type of swelling or bulge in the abdominal area that has emerged out of the stomach is called a lump in the stomach. In most cases a soft lump is formed in the stomach but in some cases it can also be hard, which depends entirely on the internal causes of the stomach.
Symptoms of stomach lump –
What are the symptoms of stomach lump?
The symptoms and signs associated with the lump in the stomach depend on the condition that caused the lump in the stomach. Common symptoms of abdominal lumps include:
- Stomach flatulence
- Pain in urination
- Stomach ache
- Burning sensation around the lump
- Change in appetite
- Feeling like nausea and vomiting
- Chest pain
- Difficulty swallowing
- No stool on time
- Abdominal weakness or feeling overweight
- Feeling like stomach pressure
- Feeling pain while lifting weights
- Changes in urination such as too much or too little urine
- Jaundice (may occur in some cases)
When should the doctor see?
The doctor should be seen as soon as possible in the following situations:
- If you are having a lot of pain, which you are unable to bear.
- If you have fever
- Abdominal lump is growing fast
- Feeling pain in the lump
- Constipation for several days
- Rapid weight gain or loss
Stomach Lump Causes & Risk Factors –
Why is there a lump in the stomach?
The possible cause of a lump in the stomach depends on its location, in which part of the stomach the lump remains. If a lump is visible in the upper abdomen (the lining of the abdomen), it may also be a skin lump or hernia. Below are some of the most common causes of stomach lumps:
Cysts are also known as exceptionally increased abdominal fat, which is filled with fluid, other infected substances. Sometimes cysts are also considered to be the cause of increased abdominal fat. Cysts that usually increase abdominal fat:
- Ovarian cyst – cysts around the ovary
- Cholecystitis – This is often caused by gallstones. The gallstones block the tube going out of the gallbladder, causing inflammation and redness in the gallbladder.
In this condition blood accumulates under the skin, resulting in blood vessels breaking. A hematoma is usually caused by an injury.
Lipoma is a type of lump formed under the skin, which is made of fat. On touching it, it feels light, hard and rubbery and moves around.
During the development of the fetus, the testes are formed in the stomach and then descend into the testicle. In some cases some or both of the testes do not completely descend. In such a situation, a lump appears in the groin between the abdomen and thigh area of the newborn.
When the stomach layer becomes weak from elsewhere and the intestinal part or other soft tissue breaks the weak layer of the stomach and comes out of it, this condition is called inguinal hernia.
Some types of cancer that often cause lumps in the stomach:
Some other diseases –
There are also some diseases due to which lumps in the stomach can develop. These include:
It is a type of inflammatory bowel disease, due to which inflammation and redness starts in the lining of the digestive system.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm:
In this situation, increases size of the blood vessel that carries blood to the stomach, pelvis and legs.
In this condition an abscess forms inside the pancreas which is filled with pus.
In this condition, there is swelling, redness, or infection in the diverticula. The diverticula is a common sac that develops in the weak parts of the intestine and colon.
- Increased kidney size due to urinary problems
- Liver enlargement
- Increased spleen size
When does the risk of lumps in the stomach increase?
There are some conditions that increase the risk of stomach lumps:
- Excess body weight or obesity
- Eating smoked food pickles and high salt foods
- Recently stomach operation done to treat stomach blisters
- Working in a coal, metal, wood or rubber factory
Prevention of lump in stomach –
How to prevent stomach lump?
Most of the causes that cause lumps in the stomach cannot be prevented. However, making some lifestyle changes may help:
- Do not eat foods that cause acid reflux
- Do not force too much during bowel movements
- Performing special types of exercises to strengthen weak muscles
- Do not do activity like lying down or turning after meals
- Do not lift heavy objects
- Get it treated as soon as possible to prevent getting a cough
- Quit smoking
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Eat light food
Diagnosis of Stomach Lump –
How to check for a lump in stomach?
To test the condition, doctors first check your symptoms and also take previous information related to your health. Doing this helps the doctor to find out where the lump remains in your stomach.
With the help of this test, it helps them to find out which part of the stomach or surrounding skin has been affected by the lump.
During the test, the doctor may ask you to lie on your back and then they can touch some parts of your stomach with light pressure. With the help of this test, the doctor can find out the exact location of the lump and if it has increased the size of any part of the abdomen, then it is also known. Apart from this, if you have pain on touching, then the doctor also detects this condition during this test.
In some cases pelvic examination and rectal examination may also be required. Some types of tests can also be done to determine the cause of lump in the stomach, such as:
Some imaging tests are performed to determine the size and exact location of the lump. With the help of imaging tests, it can be found which type of lump in the stomach is. The most frequently used imaging tests for abdominal lumps are:
- Abdominal computed axial tomography scan
- Stomach x ray
- Abdominal ultrasound
- Abdominal MRI Scan
If imaging tests do not work, a doctor may need to see the lump closely. If the lump is in or around the digestive system, a doctor may suggest a colonoscopy. During this test, doctors use a microscope instrument such as a thin tube. This tube is inserted inside the colon of the digestive tract and this process is called colonoscopy.
Other Tests –
Many other types of tests can also be done to check for a lump in the stomach:
Blood tests, such as complete blood count and blood chemistry (blood tests are also used to check hormone levels and detect infections etc.)
- Barium enema
- Isotope study
Treatment of Stomach Lumps –
How is a stomach lump treated?
Lump in the stomach is treated mainly on the basis of the cause of the lump. Depending on the cause of the lump, treatment may include medications, operations, and other specialized treatment procedures.
Commonly used treatments to remove the lump of stomach such as:
- If there is a lump in the abdomen due to hernia, intestinal obstruction or cancer, an operation may be needed to treat such a condition. A surgical procedure called laparoscopy is often used in this condition. During this procedure, the surgery doctor makes a small incision or hole in the patient’s abdomen and a device is inserted inside it. This device is like a thin and flexible tube, with a camera and light on one end, with the help of which the internal organs of the stomach are seen very closely.
- Chemotherapy and radiation therapy: Chemotherapy or radiation therapy can also be used to reduce the size of the lump. When the size of the lump becomes small, the doctor may stop chemotherapy and perform an operation and remove it. This option is often for people who have cancer in their lumps.
- Some common causes of stomach lumps (such as cysts or hematomas) etc. do not require treatment, they are cured on their own.
- If the lump in the abdomen is caused by a hernia, doctors monitor it for a long time to find out if it is growing or if there is no other problem.
- Certain types of drugs, such as antacids, H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors, reduce the amount of acid in the stomach, thereby reducing the symptoms of acid reflux.
Stomach Lump Complications –
What are the problems of stomach lump?
If a lump that develops in the stomach is not treated in time, it can cause many complications, such as:
- Spreading the infection.
- Blockage of small and large intestine.
- Urinary and intestinal incontinence.
- Spread of cancer or metastasis.
- If the lump of the stomach is cancerous, it may develop again after treatment.
The lump of the stomach that is blocking an organ can damage that organ. If any part of the internal organs is damaged, it may need to be removed with the help of operation. The following organs can be damaged due to a lump in the stomach:
- Reproductive system is permanently damaged, which can result in infertility
- Permanent liver failure
- Kidney permanently damaged
- Permanent damage in gallbladder