Nowadays people have started suffering from many diseases, which give physical problems as well as mental anxiety. One such problem is nephrotic syndrome. This problem can be due to many reasons and then gradually gives rise to other diseases. In such a situation, timely treatment of nephrotic syndrome is essential. In this article of My Health Only, we are giving information about the causes of nephrotic syndrome as well as the symptoms and treatment of the nephrotic syndrome.
First of all, understand what is nephrotic syndrome.
What is Nephrotic Syndrome?
A nephrotic syndrome is a group of symptoms. These include excess protein in the urine, low levels of protein in the blood, high cholesterol, high triglycerides, risk of blood clots, and inflammation. This syndrome can be caused by a variety of diseases that damage the kidneys. When the kidney is damaged, a large amount of protein is released through urine.
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Next, we are giving information about the symptoms of nephrotic syndrome.
Symptoms of Nephrotic Syndrome –
A variety of symptoms can be seen when there is a problem with nephrotic syndrome. Some of the symptoms of nephrotic syndrome are:
- Swelling, can occur in any part of the body
- Skin rash or sores
- Foamy urine
- Loss of appetite
- Weight gain
Now we are telling you the causes of nephrotic syndrome.
Causes & Risk Factors of Nephrotic Syndrome –
The main reason for this problem in children is Minimal Change Disease. Membranous glomerulonephritis is believed to be the main cause of this syndrome in adults. In both these conditions, the glomeruli (groups of small blood vessels) present in the kidney are damaged. The main function of glomeruli is to filter waste and fluids present in the stomach. Apart from these, the causes and risks of nephrotic syndrome are as follows.
- Kidney problems
- Diabetes problem
- Lupus, a type of inflammatory problem
- Amyloidosis, abnormal production of amyloid proteins in body parts
- Infections, such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C
- Allergic reaction problem
- Certain medicines, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- A genetic disease that affects the kidneys
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Let us now know how nephrotic syndrome can be diagnosed.
Diagnosis of Nephrotic Syndrome –
The specialist may order a variety of tests to check for nephrotic syndrome. These include the method of its diagnosis.
- Physical Examination – To find out any problem, first of all, a physical examination is done. During this, the problem can be detected by looking at the symptoms seen in the person.
- Blood and urine test – During this test for nephrotic syndrome, the patient’s blood or urine sample is examined. This test detects the problem through the substance present in the blood or urine. Tests can be done for this like blood chemistry test, blood urea nitrogen test, creatinine blood test, creatinine urine test, and urinalysis, etc.
- Ultrasound Test – With the help of this test, the damage done to the internal organs of the body can be detected. This test gives information about kidney-related problems along with other organs. This makes it clear whether the person has nephrotic syndrome or not.
- Renal biopsy – Renal biopsy is also one way to diagnose the nephrotic syndrome. For this test, a sample of some tissue is taken from the kidney, which is examined in the lab. A biopsy can reveal the exact cause of the nephrotic syndrome.
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Now we are giving information about how nephrotic syndrome can be treated.
Nephrotic Syndrome Treatment –
If there is a thought in the mind that treatment of nephrotic syndrome is possible or not, then tell that both Ayurvedic treatment and allopathic treatment of nephrotic syndrome can be done. Below we are giving information about the allopathic treatment done by the doctor:
1 – Blood pressure medication – Blood pressure balancing medication may help treat nephrotic syndrome. In fact, keeping blood pressure up to 130/80 mm Hg can slow kidney damage. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACA) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are more commonly used for this. ACE inhibitors and ARBs can also reduce protein loss through urination.
2 – Immune system suppression medication – Immune system suppression medication can be used to treat this problem, which can keep the active immune system calm. For this, the doctor may recommend taking corticosteroids and other immune suppression medicines.
3 – Medications to lower cholesterol – Treating high cholesterol may also be helpful in reducing problems with the heart and blood vessels affected by nephrotic syndrome. In this case, statin drugs can be used to reduce cholesterol and triglycerides.
4 – Water Pills (Diuretic) – Taking this medicine can help in reducing the swelling of the extremities due to nephrotic syndrome. This can improve the condition of nephrotic syndrome to some extent.
5 – Blood thinners – Blood clotting problems can occur in nephrotic syndrome, which can be treated with blood thinners. This can prevent clotting in the blood.
Note: Any medicine should not be used without consulting a doctor. Doing so can make the problem worse.
Learn more about what kind of problems can be caused by nephrotic syndrome.
Complications caused by nephrotic syndrome –
If nephrotic syndrome is treated in time, serious problems can be avoided. Some of the complications caused by this are as follows:
- Acute kidney failure
- Hardening of the arteries and increased heart disease
- Chronic (long-term) kidney disease
- Increase of fluid in the body, Heart failure, Fluid build-up in the lungs
- Infection, such as inflammation of the respiratory tract (pneumococcal pneumonia)
- To be malnourished
- Blood clots, which can cause thrombosis (blood clotting in the vein)
- High blood pressure problem
There is further information
In the next part of the article, we will know what to eat and what not to eat in nephrotic syndrome.
What to eat and what not to eat in nephrotic syndrome –
Foods may also play an important role in exacerbating and reducing nephrotic syndrome. That is why it is important to eat the right food. Some people also consider food to be an Ayurvedic treatment for nephrotic syndrome. In such a situation, we are telling what to eat and what not to eat in nephrotic syndrome below:
What to eat:
- In the case of nephrotic syndrome, foods rich in vitamin D, such as tuna, salmon, mackerel fish, and mushrooms can be taken.
- Foods with low fat, cholesterol, sodium, and low protein are considered good in this problem.
- Individuals suffering from nephrotic syndrome can consume green vegetables, fruits, and juices on the advice of a dietician.
What not to eat:
- A person suffering from this problem should reduce the intake of foods high in sodium, such as salt, milk, beetroot, and celery, etc.
- Minimize the use of high-protein foods, such as meat, dairy products, nuts, grains, and beans.
- Reduce the intake of foods high in fat and cholesterol. These foods include egg yolks, meat, and cheese.
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Now we know how to avoid nephrotic syndrome.
How to avoid the nephrotic syndrome –
To avoid nephrotic syndrome, it is important to treat the problems that can cause this syndrome. Along with this, some measures can also be adopted, which include these.
- Eat a more and more healthy diet
- Do yoga and exercise regularly
- Drink more water during the day
- Get regular health checkups done
Nephrotic syndrome can lead to a variety of diseases. In such a situation, by starting its treatment at the right time, this problem can be prevented from increasing. Therefore, if someone is showing symptoms of nephrotic syndrome, they should immediately talk to a specialist in this regard. This can help in taking the right steps in time. Keep reading My Health Only articles to know about other similar problems. Now we are going to answer some questions related to nephrotic syndrome.
Frequently Asked Questions –
Yes, nephrotic syndrome is curable. To reduce its symptoms, the help of some medicines such as cholesterol, diuretics can be taken.
Yes, nephrotic syndrome can cause heart and kidney problems if not treated in time, which can become life-threatening.
Yes, exercise can be good for nephrotic syndrome. Just in this situation, exercise should be done for a short time. It is advised to avoid exercising for a long time.