Do you know the what symptoms of seizures?
You will be unaware of these seizure symptoms
So in this article of My Health Only we will give information about the symptoms of seizures, causes, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, risk and complications.
Let us tell you the what symptoms of seizures
It can cause severe symptoms and it can also happen with no symptoms. Symptoms of severe seizures include violent tremors and lack of control. However, mild seizures can also be a sign of a serious problem, so it is important to identify them as well.
What is Seizures?
A change in electrical activity of the brain is called a seizure.
Abnormal electrical activity in the brain triggers seizures. During seizure the person moves in an uncontrollably fast-paced rhythm.
There are several types of seizures depending on the severity. Some have mild symptoms that do not include shaking of the body. The types of seizure vary, depending on where and how they started in the brain. Most seizures last from 30 seconds to two minutes. If the seizure lasts for more than five minutes, it is considered an emergency.
Seizures are a common occurrence. It can occur after an infection such as stroke, head injury, meningitis or any other disease. Although sometimes the cause of the seizures is unknown.
Most seizure disorders can be controlled with medicines, but its treatment can have a significant impact on your daily life. However, you can seek the help of your doctor to control its effects and balance the side effects of the medicines.
What to do in case of seizures –
If you see that someone is having a seizure, there are some simple steps that you can take to help him. If you know this is their first seizure or it lasts for more than 5 minutes, call an ambulance.
It can be scary to see someone having seizures, but don’t panic at all. If you are with someone who has a seizure:
- Shake them only if they are in danger, such as on a road or near a hot object
- You should clean the area around that person, to avoid any injury, vacate the surrounding area.
- Loosen any tight clothing around their neck – such as a collar or tie – So that he can breathe
- If they are on the ground, So keep their head on the pillow
- Stay with them and talk to them in peace until they are well
- When the seizures stop, turn them over
- Do not put anything in their mouths, not even their fingers. Do not give them any food or drink until they are fully recovered.
- Keep track of the duration of the seizures
Stay with the person, and call the ambulance immediately if any of the following happens:
- They have frequent seizures
- The seizures lasts for more than three minutes
- They don’t wake up after an attack
- A woman who is pregnant
If someone has had a seizure for the first time, contact a doctor or ambulance immediately.
After the seizures you should do the following:
- Ask them where they are, who they are, and what day it is. It may take them several minutes to become fully alert and answer your questions.
- If you could not get the person to turn during seizure, then do it when the seizure is over
- When the person is any injury, check them
- If they are having trouble breathing, use your finger to clear the saliva or
- Take them to a safe, comfortable place to rest
Symptoms of Seizures –
What are the symptoms of seizures?
Symptoms of seizures can range from mild to severe.
Symptoms of seizures may be the following:
- Jerking arms and legs uncontrollably
- Whole body movement
- The eyes move awkwardly
- The person does not remember anything for a short time
- Changes in behavior, such as chewing one’s clothes
- Spitting and saliva from the mouth
- Weird taste in mouth
- Unusual sounds and breathing
- Cognitive or emotional problems, such as fear, anxiety, or deja vu (Feeling that something has happened to you before)
- Bladder incontinence
- Bowel incontinence
When to see a doctor?
If a person has had a seizure for the first time, has been injured, has stopped breathing, has frequent fainting seizures, or has had an seizure for more than 10 minutes, see a doctor immediately.
In addition, in these circumstances, contact the doctor immediately:
- If you are pregnant
- If you have a high fever
- When you get injured from a seizure
- If you are feeling tired due to heat
- If you have diabetes
Seizures Causes –
Why does the seizure happens?
Nerve cells (neurons) in the brain communicate, send and receive electrical impulses. Anything that obstructs these communication routes can lead to seizures. The causes of seizures can be:
- Kidney failure
- Liver failure
- Very High BP
- High fever
- Lack of sleep
- Head injury that causes cerebral hemorrhage
- Some medications, such as some pen relievers or antidepressants
- Blood glucose deficiency
- Blood sodium deficiency, which can occur in diuretic therapy
Prevention of Seizures –
How to avoid getting injury in seizures?
Seizures usually do not cause serious injury, but if one has frequent seizures, the risk of injury increases. The following measures can help you avoid injury during a seizure:
- Take care around the water and don’t swim alone
- Do not take a bath in the tub
- Wear a helmet on a bike or while playing
- Change your furniture Put pads on pointed corners, buy furniture with rounded edges, and choose chairs with hand rests.
- To avoid injury lay a carpet with thick padding
- Avoid taking illegal drugs
- If you take medicines for epilepsy or other diseases, take them according to the doctor.
Also, improve your lifestyle:
- Get plenty of sleep
- Eat healthy diet
- Exercise regularly
- Participate in stress reduction activities
Diagnosis of Seizures –
How is seizure tested?
Doctors face a lot of difficulty in testing seizures. The doctor may ask for some tests to accurately test for seizures.
The doctor will consider your complete medical history and events prior to the visit. For example, conditions such as migraine, sleep disorders, and severe psychological stress can also cause symptoms such as seizures.
The following tests can be done for this:
- Neural Tests: To determine if you have any brain and nervous system problems, doctors may test your behavior, motor abilities, and mental functions.
- Lumbar Puncture: If the doctor appears to be the cause of seizures infection, a sample of cerebrospinal fluid may be required for testing.
- EEG: The EEG test can also help the doctor overcome the possibility of other diseases (which are characterized by epilepsy).
- In this test, doctors place electrodes on your head with a paste-like substance. Electrodes record the electrical activity of your brain, which appears as wavy lines on an EEG recording. The EEG shows a pattern that tells doctors whether seizure is likely to recur.
- Blood Tests: Doctors may take a blood sample to check for signs of infection, genetic diseases, diabetes levels, or electrolyte imbalance.
Some imaging tests can also be done if needed, such as:
- MRI: MRI scan uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create a detailed view of your brain. This allows your doctor to detect lesions or abnormalities in your brain (which can cause seizures).
- PET scan: The PET scan uses a small amount of mild radioactive material that is injected into the vein through an injection so that active areas of the brain can be seen and abnormalities detected.
- CT scan: CT scan uses X-rays to obtain images of your brain. A CT scan reveals abnormalities in your brain that can be the cause of tumors, bleeding and cysts.
In addition to all these tests, the “SPECT test” uses a small amount of mild radioactive material that is injected into the vein to show a detailed, 3-D picture of blood flow activity in your brain that Occurs during seizure.
Treatment of Seizures –
It is not necessary that people who have seizures once also have seizures for the second time. The person may have seizures only once, so doctors do not decide to start treatment until another attack occurs.
Seizures treatment goal is to prevent seizures, with the fewest side effects.
Anti-seizure medications are often used in the treatment of seizures. There are several options for these drugs. It is important to find the medicine that is best for you and has little side effects. In some cases, doctors may ask to take more than one medicine.
If medications are not effective, the following treatments may be an option:
- Operation: The goal of the operation is to prevent seizures from occurring. Surgeons find and remove the area of your brain where the seizures begin. Surgery is most useful for people whose seizures are always in one place in the brain.
- Responsive Neurostimulation: During responsive neurostimulation, devices placed on the surface of your brain or within the brain tissue can detect Seizure activity and transmit electrical stimulation to the affected area to prevent it.
- Vagus Nerve Stimulation: A device placed under the skin of your chest stimulates the vagus nerve in your neck, a signal is sent to your brain that prevents seizures. Medication may need to be taken despite vagus nerve stimulation but you can reduce its dose.
Home Care –
Most seizures stop on their own. But due to seizures, the person can also get hurt and can get injured.
When an attack occurs, keep the following points in mind:
- Make the person turn: If vomiting occurs, it helps to ensure that the vomit does not go into the lungs with inhalation.
- Keep their head on the pillow.
- Protect the person from falling: Lay the person on the ground in a safe area. Remove furniture or other sharp objects.
- Loosen tight clothing (especially of the neck).
- Stay with the person until the person recovers or until professional medical help arrives.
Risk and Complications of Seizures –
What are the complications of seizures?
If you do not treat seizures, the problems can be severe and long-term. Extremely long seizures can also lead to coma or in some cases death.
Seizures can also cause injury, such as a fall or trauma. It is important to wear a medical band so that you know that you have a seizure problem.
Sometimes an attack can result in situations that are dangerous to you or others. You may have the following risks:
- Seizures can be dangerous while driving a car or using any other equipment.
- If you fall during a Seizure, head injury may occur or bone can also be broken.
- If you have an attack while swimming or bathing, you are at risk of accidental drowning.
- Seizures during pregnancy pose dangers to both mother and child, and some antiepileptic drugs increase the risk of birth disorders. If you have a seizure problem and wish to become pregnant, consult your doctor so that he can adjust your medications and monitor your pregnancy.
- Emotional health problems: People suffering from seizures also have psychological problems like depression and anxiety. These problems can be the result of difficulties in dealing with the condition as well as side effects of the drug.