Wilson Disease

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Wilson's Disease
Wilson disease is caused by an inherited defect in the ATP7B gene. It is an autosomal recessive disorder. This means that both parents must pass on the same abnormal gene to the child.

Negligence towards health gives rise to many diseases, while there are some diseases that a person gets through his parents, which are called genetic diseases. One such disease is Wilson’s disease. You may have heard this name for the first time, but it is important to be aware of it so that its effect can be reduced in time. That is why in this article of Myhealthonly, we have shared information related to the causes, symptoms, and treatment of Wilson’s disease. For complete details read the article till the end.

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First of all, in the article, know what is Wilson’s disease.

What Is Wilson’s Disease?

Wilson’s disease is a rare genetic disorder that causes an excess of copper in the body. This disease can affect the liver and brain as well as other organs of the body. Explain that Wilson’s disease is also known as Hepatolenticular Degeneration. Since it is a genetic disorder, it cannot be completely cured, but through some necessary treatment in time, its effect can be reduced to some extent and other physical problems caused by it can be prevented. In the following article, the causes, symptoms, and treatment of Wilson’s disease are explained in detail.

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Here we are telling you about the cause of Wilson’s disease.

Cause Of Wilson Disease

Wilson disease is caused by mutations in the ATP7B gene. This gene directs the production of a protein called copper-transporting ATPase 2, which carries copper from the liver to the rest of the body. In addition, this protein called ATPase 2 also works to remove excess copper from the body.

At the same time, when there is a change in the ATP7B gene, it disrupts the functioning of the copper-transporting protein, which leads to excess copper in the body and excess copper in the body. As a result, the accumulation of copper takes a toxic form and works to harm the body.

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After knowing the reason, here we are telling you about the symptoms of Wilson’s disease.

Symptoms Of Wilson’s Disease

When Wilson’s disease occurs, symptoms are usually related to the brain and liver. Some of these are as follows:

Liver-Related Symptoms :

  • Vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Excessive fluid accumulation in the abdomen
  • Swelling of feet
  • Pale skin
  • Itching

Brain Or Neurological Symptoms :

  • Tremors
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Change in personality
  • Anxiety
  • Hearing and seeing confusion

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Knowing the symptoms, know when to see a doctor if you have Wilson’s disease.

When should I consult a doctor for Wilson’s disease?

A doctor can be contacted for Wilson’s disease in the following situations:

  • If any of the above symptoms of Wilson’s disease appear.
  • If any member of the household has this disease and is thinking of becoming a father, then it is important to contact a genetic counselor.

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In this part of the article, we are telling you about the treatment for Wilson’s disease.

Treatment Of Wilson’s Disease

As we mentioned above it is a genetic disorder and there is no exact treatment for it. Nevertheless, through some therapy in time, its effect can be reduced to some extent and complications can be avoided –

  • Copper Chelation Therapy: The aim of this therapy is to reduce the increased amount of copper in the body. For this, the doctor may recommend the use of certain medicines, which include penicillamine, trientine, and zinc acetate. Keep in mind, do not take these medicines without a doctor’s advice.
  • Vitamin-E Supplementation: Vitamin-E supplements can also be given to the patient suffering from Wilson’s disease.
  • Low Copper Diet: The doctor may recommend a low copper diet.
  • Liver Transplant: If the liver has been badly damaged due to Wilson’s disease, then the decision of liver transplant may be taken.

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After the treatment of Wilson’s disease, one knows what to eat and what not to treat this problem.

What To Eat For Wilson’s Disease

During Wilson’s disease, it is recommended to consume those foods, in which less copper is found. Know about some such foods below –

  • Dairy products (such as milk and yogurt)
  • Why proteins
  • Also, foods rich in zinc can inhibit the absorption of copper in the body.
  • Apart from this, dietary information can be taken from the doctor according to the severity of the problem.

Avoid the following foods high in copper –

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Can Wilson’s disease be prevented?

Prevention Of Wilson’s Disease

As we mentioned above, Wilson is a hereditary disease, which can be passed on to the child through the parents. Therefore, it cannot be avoided. If any member of the household has this disease, then the doctor can get himself and the rest of the members examined. Timely treatment can prevent or reduce the risk of organ damage.

After knowing about the causes, symptoms, and treatment needed for Wilson’s disease, we now hope that you know a lot about this disease. Along with this, you must have come to know about the things related to food and drink during this time. In such a situation, if the above-mentioned symptoms of Wilson’s disease are seen in you or a family member, then definitely contact the doctor at once, so that the disease can be confirmed and its complications can be avoided in time. We wish you good health.

Frequently Asked Questions –

How long can one live with Wilson’s disease?

It is a genetic disease. If it happens to someone, it can stay with the patient for life. However, the serious complications of this disease can be avoided or reduced by following the necessary treatments mentioned above and following a low-copper diet.

Can you drink alcohol with Wilson’s disease?

Alcohol can damage the liver. In addition, alcohol can worsen the condition of this disease. Therefore, people who have Wilson’s disease should not consume alcohol at all.

How does Wilson’s disease affect the brain?

Wilson’s disease can cause neurological problems, such as speech problems, personality changes, and anxiety.

At what age is Wilson’s disease diagnosed?

Wilson’s disease can be present from birth, but symptoms can usually begin between the ages of 5 and 35.

What happens when you have Wilson’s disease?

There is an excess of copper in the body due to Wilson’s disease. Apart from this, it can also cause liver and neurological problems.