What is leprosy? Learn because of this, symptoms and defenses…

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Leprosy is a chronic, progressive bacterial infection caused by mycobacterium leprae bacteria. It primarily affects intestinal veins, skin, nasal layer and upper respiratory tract. Leprosy is also known as Hansen disease. Leprosy produces skin ulcers, nerve damage, and muscle weakness. If it is not treated, it can lead to severe maladaptation and significant disability.

f the history of the world is seen, the leprosy is one of the oldest diseases, leprosy is written in writing for the first time in 600 BC. In view, leprosy is common in many countries, especially in places with tropical or subtropical climate.

What are the symptoms of leprosy disease?

The main symptoms of leprosy include:

Muscle weakness

Numbness in arm, legs and hands

Skin lesion

Touching skin lesions, feeling the temperature or pain reduction, they are not cured even after several weeks, they are mild compared to your normal skin tone or can be saved from swelling.

Due to leprosy, and transmission?

Mycobacterium bacteria cause leprosy. It was thought that leprosy is spread by contact with the infection of mucous secretion of the infected person. However, this usually occurs when a person with leprosy is coughing or coughing. This disease is not highly contagious. However, long-term contact with an untreated person can lead to leprosy.

Bacteria responsible for leprosy disease grow very slowly. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the average incubation period of the disease (the time between transition and the signs of before five years) is 5 years. Symptoms are not visible for up to 20 years.

How is the treatment of leprosy?

WHO developed a multidrug therapy in 1995 to cure all types of leprosy. It is available worldwide free of charge. Apart from this, killing bacteria caused by many antibiotics and treating leprosy. These antibiotics include:

Dapson

Rifampin

Clofazimine

Minocycline

Ofloxacin

Your doctor may possibly write more than one antibiotic at the same time. They may also recommend taking an anti-inflammatory like aspirin, prednisone, or thalidomide. Its treatment lasted for months and may last for 1 to 2 years. You should never take thalidomide if you are pregnant or may have it. It can cause serious birth defects.