What causes inflammation of the small intestine?

Inflammation of the small intestine

Do you know the what causes inflammation of the small intestine?

You will be unaware of these causes of small intestine inflammation

Let us tell you the causes inflammation of the small intestine.

So in this article of My Health Only we will give information about the inflammation of the small intestine, knowing the causes of small intestine inflammation, you will be able to treat it as soon as possible.

What is intestinal inflammation, (ulcerative colitis)?

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD / intestinal inflammation) that causes long-term inflammation and ulcers in your digestive system. Ulcerative colitis affects the large intestine (colon) and the inner lining of the rectum. Its symptoms usually develop slowly rather than appear suddenly.

Ulcerative colitis can sometimes be less active, but in some cases it is dangerous for our lives. There is currently no definitive cure for ulcerative colitis, but some remedies adopted for it can reduce the symptoms of the disease and it can be got rid of for a long time.

Types of ulcerative colitis –

How many types of intestinal inflammation (ulcerative colitis) occur?

Doctors classify ulcerative colitis according to the affected area. It has the following types –

1 – Ulcerative proctitis

In ulcerative proctitis, inflammation is limited to the area near the rectum and bleeding from the rectum may be the only symptom. This type of ulcerative colitis is considered the mildest.

2 – Proctosigmoiditis

In Proctosigmoiditis, inflammation occurs in the rectum and sigmoid large intestine (lower part of the large intestine). Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps and pain and inability to have bowel movements are common symptoms

3 – Left-sided colitis

In left-sided colitis, inflammation extends from the rectum to the sigmoid large intestine (lower part of the large intestine) and the descending colon. Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps and left side pain and weight loss are common symptoms.

4 – Pancolitis

Pancolitis often affects the entire large intestine. Symptoms like bloody diarrhea (which can be severe), stomach cramps and pain, fatigue and weight loss are present.

5 – Acute severe ulcerative colitis

It is a rare type of ulcerative colitis, which affects the entire colon. Symptoms include severe abdominal pain, excessive diarrhea, bleeding during diarrhea, fever and inability to eat.

Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms – Inflammation of the small intestine

What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?

Symptoms of ulcerative colitis depend on its severity and location.

It may cause the following symptoms –

  1. Frequent diarrhea with blood or pus. (Read more – Remedy to stop diarrhea)
  2. Abdominal pain and cramps. (Read more – Home remedies for stomachache)
  3. Pain in the rectum.
  4. Rectal bleeding – Small amounts of blood coming out of the stool.
  5. The desire to have frequent bowel movements.
  6. Inability to pass stool, despite immediate desire for bowel movements.
  7. Weight loss. (Read more – What to eat to gain weight)
  8. Fatigue. (Read more – Home remedies to relieve fatigue)
  9. fever.
  10. No physical growth in children.

Most people with ulcerative colitis experience mild symptoms. However, in many people the disease lasts for a very long time. The reasons for having ulcerative colitis may be different in different people.

Causes of ulcerative colitis –

1 – Why does inflammation of the small intestine (ulcerative colitis) occur?

The exact cause of ulcerative colitis is still unknown. Earlier, diet and stress were believed to be the cause, but now doctors believe that these factors can increase it, although, doctors also say that these are not the only reasons.

2 – Immune System

A possible cause of ulcerative colitis is immune system dysfunction. When your immune system tries to fight a virus or bacterium, an abnormal reaction causes the immune system to damage the cells of the digestive system.

3 – Heredity

People who have other members in the family have ulcerative colitis, They can also get this disease. However, most people with ulcerative colitis do not have a family history.

4 – What factors can cause ulcerative colitis?

Ulcerative colitis affects women and men equally. Its risk factors are as follows –

  1. Age – Ulcerative colitis usually begins before the age of 30 years. But, it can happen at any age.
  2. Family history – If your parents, siblings or children have ulcerative colitis, you are also at greater risk of developing it.
  3. Isotretinoin – Isotretinoin is a medicine that is sometimes used to treat acne. Some studies suggest that it is a risk factor for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, a clear correlation between ulcerative colitis and isotretinoin has not yet been established.
Inflammation of the small intestine (Ulcerative Colitis)

Prevention of inflammation in the intestines –

What are the remedies to avoid intestinal inflammation (ulcerative colitis)?

There is no strong evidence of how food affects ulcerative colitis. However, some foods may increase its effect.

Following measures can be helpful to prevent this –

  1. Drinking little by little amount of water throughout the day. (Read more – Right way to drink water)
  2. Eating small meals several times throughout the day.
  3. Limited intake of high fiber diet. (Read more – Benefits of fiber)
  4. Fat-rich foods eat less.
  5. If you are lactose intolerant, So drink less milk.

Apart from these, ask your doctor if you should take multi-vitamins?

Diagnosis of Ulcerative Colitis – Inflammation of the small intestine?

How is intestinal inflammation (ulcerative colitis) diagnosed?

To diagnose ulcerative colitis, your doctor first sees your symptoms and decides that you have the disease due to these reasons. The following tests and procedures can then be used to diagnose the disease –

1 – Blood test

Your doctor may perform a blood test to check for anemia or any infection. Significantly, in anemia, there are not enough red blood cells to carry oxygen to your tissues.

2 – Stool test

White blood cells present in your stool can diagnose ulcerative colitis. This test can also help in diagnosing other disorders, such as infections caused by bacteria, viruses and other parasites.

3 – Colonoscopy

This test allows your doctor to view your entire large intestine using a thin, flexible, lighted tube connected to a small camera. During this procedure, your doctor may also take small samples of tissue for analysis (biopsy). Sometimes tissue sampling can help confirm the diagnosis.

4 – Flexible sigmoidoscopy

In flexible sigmoidoscopy, your doctor uses a thin, flexible light tube to examine the last portion of the large intestine and rectum. If you have severe swelling in one part of your large intestine, your doctor may perform this test instead of a full colonoscopy.

5 – X-rays

If your symptoms are severe, your doctor may perform an X-ray of the abdominal area to diagnose other problems, such as a perforated colon (a part of the large intestine).

6 – CT Scan

If your doctor suspects a complication of ulcerative colitis, they may perform a CT scan of your abdomen. A CT scan can also show how much inflammation is in the colon.

Treatment of inflammation of the small intestine (Ulcerative Colitis)

How is intestinal inflammation (ulcerative colitis) treated?

Ulcerative colitis is a long-standing problem. Treatment usually involves medicines or surgery. The goal of treatment is to reduce the inflammation that causes your symptoms.

1 – Medications

Your doctor may prescribe some medications to reduce inflammation. These drugs include sulfasalazine, mesalamine, balsalazide, and olsalazine. Reducing inflammation helps reduce many symptoms of the disease.

In more severe cases corticosteroids, antibiotics, medications that decrease immune system activity or antibody medicines are used.

2 – Surgery

Surgery is necessary when there is excessive bleeding, debilitating symptoms, holes in the colon (one part of the large intestine) or severe blockages. CT scan or colonoscopy can diagnose these serious problems.

If your symptoms are severe, you will need to be hospitalized to correct the effects of dehydration and loss of electrolytes.

Complications of inflammation of the small intestine (Ulcerative Colitis)

What are the other problems caused by inflammation in the intestines (ulcerative colitis)?

The following are the possible complications of ulcerative colitis –

  1. Excessive bleeding.
  2. Hole in the colon (perforated colon).
  3. Severe dehydration.
  4. Liver disease (rare).
  5. Osteoporosis.
  6. Skin, joints and eyes swelling and blisters in the mouth.
  7. Colon cancer risk. (Read more – Symptoms of Liver Cancer)
  8. Swelling of the colon rapidly.
  9. Increased risk of blood clots in veins and arteries.

Intestinal inflammation (ulcerative colitis) medicine –

There are many medicines available for intestinal inflammation (ulcerative colitis). All these medicines are given below. But be aware that you do not take any medicines without consulting your doctor. Taking medicines without doctor’s advice can cause serious damage to your health.

  • ADEL 36 Pollon Drop
  • Acsolve H
  • Budamate
  • Budamate Forte
  • Budecort
  • Budetrol
  • Combihale FB
  • Dexacort
  • Dexoren S
  • Foracort

These are all complications of inflammation of the small intestine, knowing the symptoms of small intestine inflammation you will be able to treat it as soon as possible.