So in this article of My Health Only, we are going to tell you about skin disorders, by knowing skin disorders, you will be able to treat them as soon as possible.
What are skin diseases?
Disorders or infections that affect human skin are called skin diseases. There are many reasons for these.
Although most diseases affecting the skin begin in the layers of the skin, it also helps in the diagnosis of various types of internal diseases. It is believed that the skin reveals a person’s internal health.
There are considerable variations in the symptoms and severity of skin disease. It can be both temporary or permanent as well as painless or painful. In some cases, it may be situational, while in others it is also genetic. The condition of some skin disorders is very minor, and some can be life-threatening.
Most skin diseases are minor, while others point to a more serious problem. Contact your doctor if you have any of these skin problems.
Types of skin disorders –
How many types of skin diseases are there?
Common skin disorders and infections include the following –
- Dry skin
- Oily skin
- Chicken Pox
- Rosacea (Reddening of the face)
- Seborrheic dermatitis
- White spots (leucoderma or vitiligo)
- Skin cancer
- Basal cell carcinoma
- Darier’s disease
- Fungal infection of nails
Symptoms of skin diseases (skin disorders) –
What are the symptoms and signs of skin disorder?
There are following symptoms of skin disorder –
- Red or white bulge.
- Painful or itchy rashes.
- Skin roughness.
- Skin peeling.
- Open wounds or lesions.
- Dry and chapped skin.
- Discolored spots on the skin.
- Clots, warts, or other skin bulges.
- Changes in color or size of the mole.
- Skin discoloration
- Excessive flushing – feeling the heat in face, ears, neck, and torso.
There are following symptoms of skin infection –
Symptoms of skin infection vary depending on its type. Common symptoms of this are skin redness and rashes. You may also experience other symptoms, such as itching, pain, and tenderness.
Following are the symptoms of severe infection –
- Skin thickening and breakage.
- Faded and painful skin.
Causes of skin disease –
Why do skin diseases occur?
- Skin disease
There are following causes of skin disorder –
- Bacteria trapped in skin pores and hair follicles.
- Skin fungi, parasites, or microorganisms.
- Weakness of the immune system.
- Coming into contact with allergens or infected skin of another person.
- Genetic factors.
- Suffering from diseases affecting the thyroid, immune system, kidneys, and other body systems.
- Skin infection
The causes of skin infection depend on its type.
- Bacterial skin infection – This infection occurs when bacteria enter the body through a wound in the skin, such as a cut or scratch.
- Skin infection caused by viruses – The most common viruses belong to three groups – Poxvirus, Human papillomavirus, and Herpes virus.
- Fungal infections – Body chemicals and lifestyle can increase the risk of fungal infections. For example, if you are a sportsman or if you sweat too much, you may experience an athlete’s foot several times.
- Parasitic Skin Infections – Small insects or organisms that lay eggs right under the skin can cause skin infections.
Skin Disease Prevention –
What to do to avoid skin disease?
Keep in mind the following things to avoid skin disorders and infections –
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and warm water.
- Do not share eating and drinking utensils with others.
- Avoid direct contact with people who have skin infections.
- Clean public places, such as gym equipment, before use.
- Do not share personal items, such as blankets, combs, or swimsuits with people.
- Sleep at least seven hours each night.
- Drink plenty of water
- Avoid excessive physical or emotional stress.
- Eat nutritious food.
- Get vaccinated for infectious skin problems such as chickenpox.
Skin infections can vary from mild to severe. If you have a skin problem that is causing discomfort, talk to your doctor.
Diagnosis of skin diseases (skin disorders) –
Different types of skin tests can be done to diagnose skin allergies and disorders and other problems affecting the skin. These tests are also done to tell the difference between the growth of cancer cells and any other growth.
The most common skin tests are as follows –
- Patch test
Patch testing helps detect skin allergies. Some allergens are applied to the skin with adhesive patches and left for a period of time. The skin is then examined for any reaction.
The biopsy is used to diagnose skin cancer or benign skin disorders. During the biopsy, a small part of the skin is removed and taken to the laboratory for analysis.
- Culture test
A culture is a test that is performed to identify an infecting microorganism (bacteria, fungi, or viruses). Skin, hair, or nails may be tested to detect bacteria, fungi, or viruses.
Treatment of skin diseases (skin disorders) –
What is the treatment of skin disease?
- Skin disorder
Many skin disorder treatments are available. Some common treatment methods are –
- Medicinal creams and ointments.
- Vitamin or steroid injection.
- Laser therapy.
- Targeted prescription medicines.
On the one hand, all skin disorders are not cured by treatment, and on the other hand, some skin disorders are cured without treatment.
You can treat temporary skin disorders in the following ways –
- From allopathic medicines (Please take any medicine only on the advice of a doctor).
- Chemist skin products.
- By keeping cleanliness.
- Some lifestyle adjustments, such as dietary changes.
- Skin infection
Treatment of skin infection depends on its cause and severity. Some types of viral skin infections heal on their own in a few days or weeks.
- Bacterial infections are often treated by applying antibiotics to the skin or by oral antibiotics. If these drugs have no effect on bacteria, then intravenous antibiotics are given in the hospital to treat the infection.
- Antifungal sprays and creams found near chemists can be used to treat fungal infections of the skin. In addition, you can apply medicinal cream on the skin to treat parasitic skin infections.
- Alternative treatment
You can also do the following remedies for skin infection –
- Apply cold cream several times a day to reduce itching and swelling.
- Take antihistamines found on chemists to reduce itching.
- Use cream and ointment to reduce itching and discomfort.
- Talk to your doctor about your symptoms.