People often forget to pay attention to themselves in this run-of-the-mill life, as a result, many times they fall prey to such diseases, which they are not even aware of. Diabetes is also one of them. However, the category of pre-diabetes is also not less than that of diabetes. That is why in this article of My Health Only we have brought information about it. Here we will explain in detail the causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention, and diet of pre-diabetes, the causes of borderline diabetes.
First of all, understand what is prediabetes.
What is Prediabetes?
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Pre-diabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal. However, it is not so high that it can be called a problem of diabetes. In this, it may be known in medical parlance as Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) or Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG). At the same time, in common language, it is known as borderline diabetes.
People with pre-diabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. It is said that people who fall in the category of pre-diabetes and do not make changes in their lifestyle in time, then about one in every 3 people are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. In such a situation, it is necessary that some necessary changes should be made in life for its prevention.
After knowing what is prediabetes, you will know about pre-diabetes symptoms.
Symptoms of prediabetes (borderline diabetes)
Talking about the symptoms of pre-diabetes, most people do not know that they have prediabetes, because it usually has no symptoms. However, some people with prediabetes may have darkening of the back or sides of the neck and underarms. Along with this, small skin development can also occur in these places.
Let us now know the cause of borderline diabetes.
Causes of prediabetes (borderline diabetes)
There is a problem related to insulin in the body. Actually, insulin is a hormone that helps to give energy to cells through glucose. Let us now know when there can be a problem with insulin:
- Insulin resistance: This is a condition in which the body is unable to use its own insulin. Because of this, the cells present in the body are unable to get glucose from the blood. As a result of which the blood sugar level may rise.
- Not making enough insulin: In this condition, the body does not make enough insulin to maintain the level of blood sugar present.
- Excessive weight: According to many researchers, excessive weight gain and lack of regular physical activity can become the main cause of prediabetes.
Now know what are the risk factors of prediabetes i.e. borderline diabetes.
Risk factors for prediabetes (borderline diabetes) –
The risk factors for pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes are almost the same, let’s know about them in detail below.
- Family History: Family history is the first factor that increases the risk of prediabetes. If someone in the family has had a problem with diabetes, then the risk of developing it can increase to a great extent.
- Being Overweight: Excess obesity or increased body weight can also increase the risk of pre-diabetes.
- Physical Activity: If physical activities are not done daily, then due to this also the chances of getting prediabetes increase.
- Smoking: Cigarette smoking or smoking is also one of the most important risk factors for borderline diabetes.
- High Blood Pressure or Cholesterol: The problem of high blood pressure, high cholesterol level, or having both of them can also increase the risk of pre-diabetes.
- Gestational Diabetes: Sometimes having diabetes problems during pregnancy can increase the chances of becoming pre-diabetic.
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: The problem of PCOS, a condition that is believed to be one of the causes of female infertility. This condition can also increase the risk of borderline diabetes in women.
- Antipsychotic Medications: Certain antipsychotic medications have also been shown to be a risk factor for borderline diabetes.
In addition to all this, the risk of pre-diabetes may be higher in the following people:
People from the Middle East, South Asia, Pacific Islanders, and North Africans may be more likely to develop diabetes.
Let us know when to consult a doctor for borderline diabetes.
When to consult a doctor for prediabetes (borderline diabetes)?
Although there are no definite symptoms of prediabetes. However, a doctor may be consulted for pre-diabetes if certain possible signs are observed:
Still remaining information
In this part of the article, we will talk about ways to treat prediabetes.
Treatment of Prediabetes (Borderline Diabetes)
Doctors can treat prediabetes with lifestyle changes or medications, which vary from person to person. Below we have told about the treatment of prediabetes in a sequential manner:
- Lifestyle Changes: Pre-diabetes can be improved by making lifestyle changes. For this, the doctor may recommend incorporating physical activity in the daily routine and reducing obesity. In addition, the doctor may suggest dietary changes as well.
- Medications: For the treatment of pre-diabetes, the doctor may recommend the use of certain antidiabetic drugs. These medicines can help control the level of glucose in the blood.
- Bariatric Surgery: This involves a number of procedures to limit calorie intake. Apart from reducing the risks of diabetes, this surgery has also been considered helpful in weight control.
In this section of the article, know about the diet-related to prediabetes.
What to eat, what not to eat in prediabetes (borderline diabetes)
As we mentioned in the article that is the problem of prediabetes, the level of blood glucose becomes higher than normal. In such a situation, it is necessary to consume those foods which can control the level of glucose. Let us know what to eat and what not to eat in borderline diabetes:
What to eat in prediabetes:
The following things can be consumed in the problem of pre-diabetes:
- Consuming less saturated fat and more healthy fat.
- Consuming Nuts.
- Avocado consumption.
- Oily fish.
- Use of olive oil.
- Fruit consumption.
- Use of green vegetables.
- High fiber whole grains.
What not to eat in prediabetes:
The following things should be avoided in the problem of pre-diabetes:
- Avoid consuming foods high in fried or high fat.
- Do not eat a diet high in sodium.
- Avoid eating sweet foods such as ice cream, candy, or bakery foods.
- Avoid sugary beverages such as cold drinks, energy drinks, sodas, or juices.
Read now prevention
Learn how to prevent borderline diabetes at the end of the article.
Prevention of Prediabetes (Borderline Diabetes)
After reading this article, if the question is coming to the mind that how can pre-diabetes be prevented, then below we are telling some such tips, keeping in mind the risk of prediabetes can be reduced to some extent:
- Always keep the weight under control.
- Always eat a healthy and balanced diet.
- Include yoga and exercise in your daily routine.
- If someone in the family has diabetes, talk to the doctor and get advice.
- Avoid smoking and consumption of alcohol.
- Avoid consuming excessively sweet food and beverages.
To avoid pre-diabetes, it is important to understand it well, which this article of ours can help you. In this article, along with explaining what is prediabetes, we have given information related to its symptoms and risk factors. In some circumstances, you can also contact the doctor which has also been discussed. Hope this article will prove useful for you.
Frequently Asked Questions –
If the fasting plasma glucose level is above 125 then it is a sign that there may be a problem of prediabetes. In addition, symptoms such as increased thirst increased urination during the night, and longer healing time is also considered warning signs for prediabetes.
The normal level of A1C is below 5.7 percent. While a level of 5.7 percent to 6.4 percent indicates prediabetes, a level of 6.5 percent or more indicates diabetes. In such a situation, 5.7 percent to 6.4 percent can be considered dangerous, because it can increase the risk of getting type 2 diabetes.
The risk of prediabetes is higher in people who are overweight, who do not do physical activity or have problems with high blood pressure or high cholesterol. In addition, if someone in the family has type 2 diabetes or diabetes during pregnancy, then the risk of developing prediabetes is also increased in this condition.
Yes, prediabetes can be prevented by making lifestyle changes and controlling weight.
Yes, bananas can be consumed by a person suffering from pre-diabetes.
No, people with pre-diabetes cannot consume sugar or sugar-rich foods.
The best breakfast for people with prediabetes can be oatmeal, bread, fruits, such as oranges, cantaloupe, berries, apples, bananas, and grapes. However, it can vary according to the health and age of the person. In such a situation, it would be better to take medical advice about this once.
Yes, egg consumption is considered safe for people with pre-diabetes.