Delicious Homemade Petha Recipe: Traditional Indian Sweet Treat

Traditional Indian Petha Sweet Recipe - Step-by-Step Guide to Making Authentic Ash Gourd Candy at Home

Petha, a translucent and soft candy made from ash gourd, is a traditional Indian sweet that has been enjoyed for centuries. Originating from Agra, this delectable treat is a staple during festive seasons and special occasions. In this comprehensive guide of Myhealthonly, we’ll walk you through the history, variations, and a step-by-step recipe to make authentic Petha at home. Whether you’re a seasoned cook or a novice in the kitchen, our guide ensures you’ll achieve perfect results every time.

Easy Petha Recipe: Create This Classic Indian Dessert in Your Kitchen

The Rich History of Petha

Petha is believed to have been created during the Mughal era, with its origins tracing back to the kitchens of the Agra Fort. Legend has it that Emperor Shah Jahan ordered his royal chefs to create a unique sweet that was both light and refreshing. The result was Petha, a treat that quickly became a favorite among the royals and has since become synonymous with the city of Agra.

Varieties of Petha

While the classic Petha is the most popular, there are several delightful variations that cater to different tastes:

  • Plain Petha: The traditional version, characterized by its crystal-like appearance and soft texture.
  • Angoori Petha: Small, grape-sized pieces that are often more tender than the larger chunks.
  • Kesar Petha: Infused with saffron, giving it a rich aroma and a slight yellow hue.
  • Paan Petha: Flavored with betel leaves and often filled with gulkand (rose petal preserve), providing a unique twist.

Ingredients for Making Petha

To make authentic Petha at home, you’ll need the following ingredients:

  • 1 kg ash gourd (winter melon)
  • 1 kg sugar
  • 1 tsp lime (calcium hydroxide) or 2 tsp baking soda
  • 4 cups water
  • A few drops of kewra essence (screwpine essence) or rose water
  • Optional: Saffron strands, cardamom powder, food coloring

Step-by-Step Petha Recipe

1. Preparing the Ash Gourd

  • Peel and Deseed: Start by peeling the ash gourd and removing all seeds. Cut the flesh into bite-sized cubes.
  • Soak in Lime Water: Dissolve 1 tsp of lime in 4 cups of water. Soak the ash gourd pieces in this solution for about 2 hours. This process helps to firm up the pieces and gives them their characteristic texture.
  • Rinse Thoroughly: After soaking, rinse the pieces thoroughly under running water to remove any traces of lime.

2. Blanching the Ash Gourd

  • Boil Water: In a large pot, bring water to a boil.
  • Blanch the Pieces: Add the ash gourd pieces to the boiling water and cook for about 5-7 minutes. They should become translucent. Drain and set aside.

3. Making the Sugar Syrup

  • Prepare Sugar Syrup: In another large pot, combine 1 kg of sugar with 4 cups of water. Bring to a boil, stirring occasionally to dissolve the sugar completely.
  • Add Ash Gourd Pieces: Once the syrup reaches a one-thread consistency, add the blanched ash gourd pieces.

4. Cooking the Petha

  • Simmer Gently: Lower the heat and simmer the mixture, stirring occasionally. The pieces will absorb the syrup and become more translucent.
  • Flavoring: Add a few drops of kewra essence or rose water. If using saffron, soak it in a little warm water and add it to the syrup.

5. Finishing Touches

  • Check for Doneness: The Petha is ready when the pieces are tender, glossy, and soaked with syrup.
  • Cool Down: Allow the Petha to cool in the syrup before transferring to a serving dish.
Tips for Perfect Petha
  • Consistency of Syrup: Achieving the right consistency of the sugar syrup is crucial. It should be sticky but not too thick.
  • Soaking Time: Ensure the ash gourd pieces are soaked long enough in lime water to achieve the desired texture.
  • Flavors: Experiment with different flavors like saffron, cardamom, or even food coloring to make visually appealing and aromatic Petha.
Serving and Storing Petha

Petha can be served as a dessert or a sweet snack. It’s best enjoyed fresh but can be stored in an airtight container for up to a week. For a longer shelf life, refrigerate it.


Making Petha at home is a rewarding experience that brings a piece of Indian heritage into your kitchen. With its unique texture and delightful sweetness, this traditional treat is sure to impress your family and friends. Follow our detailed guide, and you’ll master the art of making perfect Petha every time. Enjoy this timeless sweet and savor the rich flavors of Indian cuisine.