So in this article of My Health Only, we are going to tell you about the lung disease causes & risk factors, by knowing lung disease, you will be able to treat it as soon as possible.
Why does lung disease occur?
Asthma – There is severe swelling and irritation in the respiratory passages and sometimes there are lumps, due to which wheezing sounds and breathlessness begin to occur.
COPD – This is a lung disease in which the patient’s ability to exhale does not work properly, due to this condition the patient starts having difficulty in breathing. This disease is caused by smoking for a long time.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – This is a form of COPD, which mainly consists of mucus with cough. This disease especially occurs in people who smoke heavily.
Emphysema – This is also a type of COPD, in which lungs get damaged and air gets stuck in them. Difficulty in exhaling is the main symptom of this disease. Smoking is also the main cause of this disease.
Acute bronchitis – It is a sudden infection in the respiratory passages, usually caused by a virus.
Cystic fibrosis – This is a genetic condition, in which the mucus from the bronchi is not cleaned properly. Due to the accumulation of mucus, there are frequent infections in the lungs.
Pneumonia – In this condition, infection occurs in tiny air sacs of lungs (Alveoli). This infection is usually caused by bacteria.
TB (Tuberculosis) – This is a serious lung disease caused by bacteria, which develops slowly.
Lung cancer- Lung cancer has many forms and it develops in any part of the lungs. It is caused by smoking for a long time and can also be a genetic condition.
When does the risk of lung disease increase?
- When exposed to radon gas, uranium metal is naturally absorbed into soil, rock, and water, producing radon gas. This gas gets into the air, in which we breathe. Abnormal levels of radon gas in the air can occur in any building or house.
- Exposure to asbestos and other harmful substances at work sites like building construction which are known to cause cancer. Especially if you smoke, your exposure to these harmful substances increases your risk of getting lung cancer.
- Family problems of lung cancer, for people whose parents or siblings have cancer in their lungs, then the risk of lung problems also increases for that person.
- Alpha-1 deficiency is a type of genetic condition.
- Respiratory tract infection in childhood.
- Exposure to chemical, dust or smoke during work.
- Exposure to air pollution.
- Breathing in smoke emanating from another person’s smoke.