Bipolar disorder is a serious type of mental disease that is a type of mood disorder. The patient suffering from this disease keeps going in two opposite stages alternately. One mood is called fad or mania and the other mood is depression. The patient may be over-optimistic in the mood of the fad; Can have a strong perception of himself (eg I am very rich, creative or powerful); The person may be hyper-functional (fast speech, fast-paced thoughts, etc.); The patient does not want to sleep or calls it unnecessary, etc. On the other hand, in a mood of depression, the patient remains depressed; He feels tired; Feels guilty or lacks hope.
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The mood of such a person changes frequently. Whenever he feels absolutely happy, he suddenly reaches a state of depression. Both states of happiness and sorrow are not normal. This state of happiness is called maniac. Bipolar disorder is mainly divided into three categories –
- Bipolar 1
- Bipolar 2
- Cyclothymic disorder
This disorder affects both men and women. Since it affects the functions of the brain, its effect is seen in the way people think, behave and feel. This makes it difficult for other people to understand their situation. The condition usually lasts from a week to a month in adults. In many cases it can be less than this. The condition of maniac and depression is irregular and its partner is not the same. That is, its symptoms are not always the same. These appear differently according to each person’s personality.
Some people get addicted to drugs and alcohol because of the bipolar disorder. This makes alcohol and drugs extremely harmful for the people suffering from it and makes the person’s condition worse, which makes it more difficult for the doctor to treat him.
No universally accepted scientific solution of bipolar mood disorder has been revealed so far. Most scientists consider biochemical, genetic and environment responsible for this. This is due to imbalance in brain chemicals (nervous system). An imbalance in the neurotransmitters causes disturbances in the mood-controlling system. At the same time, genes are also important factors for this. If someone’s relative has a bipolar disorder, So that person’s chances of getting it increases to a great extent. It should also not be interpreted that it will happen to him.
At the same time, psychologists also consider the environment responsible for this disorder. Due to death of a person in the family, divorce of parents and many other traumatic accidents, the person becomes a victim. This disorder also occurs due to a malfunction in the structure of the brain. Some studies have shown that such a problem occurs due to disturbances in the medulla, prefrontal cortex, and hippocampus.
It can be treated by identifying Bipolar Mood Disorder. It is not very difficult to detect the symptoms of this disorder in adults. Children and teenagers do not have the same symptoms as adults, so there is a problem in identifying them. The current and past experiences of teenagers are examined prior to treatment. Apart from this, information about a person’s behavior is also obtained from family members and friends. It is sometimes considered in teenagers as post-traumatic stress disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, which makes it difficult to treat. Treatment is mainly based on behavioral symptoms and signs. Tests are done later. For example, a CT scan shows a large form of brain ventricles (where cerebrospinal fluid is collected). The same bright spot can be seen by MRI of the brain.
A study done at the University of Michigan revealed that among people with Bipolar Mood Disorder, the number of brain cells secreting the chemical is 30 percent higher than that of ordinary people. In addition, they have an excess of calcium or cortisol (Stress hormone secreted by the adrenal gland) in their brain. Also, abnormalities are seen in the brain cell receptor.